Malnutrition ( lack of nutrition) is a serious health problem which we may not care about till it is too late, but this problem can lead to other serious effects like draining your energy.
Even in developed countries like the United States of America where obesity is prevalent, there are other serious problems related to poor nutrition. Some people believe that getting plenty of calories is so beneficial, and it can save you from the risk of malnutrition, but this is untrue especially that plenty of calories is usually associated with unhealthy food choices.
In 2010, the “Journal of the American Geriatric Society” published an article showing that approximately 23 percent of the elderly population is classified as malnourished.
This list will help you know more about the health problems which are caused by poor nutrition:
1- Weakened Immune System
Inadequate nutrition or malnutrition can be one of the top causes of a weakened immune system especially for old people, it can also cause poor wound healing.
On the other hand, eating a well-balanced diet and consuming enough amounts of vitamin A, vitamin B and zinc can help in strengthening the immune system.
Sometimes, a healthy diet is not enough to avoid malnutrition, so you have to consult your doctor as you may need some multivitamin supplements to prevent certain deficiencies that can affect your immune system.
Lack of nutrition means a lack of consuming certain nutrients which may cause some health problems. For example, lack of iron, folate, or vitamin B12 in your diet can cause Anemia which will also lead to feeling cold, fatigue, dizziness, irritability, lightheadedness, etc.
Furthermore, those suffering from blood disorders or nutrient deficiencies, women with heavy menstrual periods, and pregnant women have a higher risk for developing anemia.
You can treat anemia usually by consuming a supplement containing the same nutrient which you are deficient in.
3- Heart Disease
According to a study published by “Nutrition Research” in 2011, heart disease is a common problem among adults in USA due to a deficiency in vitamin D. To overcome this risk, the Office of Dietary Supplements recommends:
- Every man and woman under age 71 must consume at least 15 micrograms of vitamin D.
- Every man and woman over age 70 must consume at least 20 micrograms of vitamin D every day.
Other than the supplements, there are other good sources of vitamin D like milk, yogurt, sunlight, fish, egg yolks, etc.
Having weak, brittle bones, which is also called Osteoporosis, can be caused in the first place by the lack of dietary calcium and sometimes by the weak absorption of calcium by your body.
According to a study made by the Office of Dietary Supplements, the groups of people who are at higher risk for developing osteoporosis are:
- postmenopausal women
- women who suffer from eating disorders such as anorexia
- people who don’t eat dairy products and vegetarians
We all know that dairy products( milk, egg…) are an excellent and the most popular source of calcium, but that doesn’t mean that you can’t meet your daily calcium requirements without them.
Some multivitamin supplements as well as breakfast cereals, orange juice, tofu, soy yogurt, soy milk, almond milk, and other calcium-fortified foods and beverages are also rich sources of dietary calcium.